One of the many advantages of Helm is that it gives you a one-command installation method for many popular apps. It would take a while to create all the necessary Pods, Services, and ConfigMaps manually.
In this tutorial, I’ll guide you through a three-step process for installing WordPress with Helm. Although this isn’t necessarily something you’d want to do in the real world, it’s good for understanding the basics. I was very excited when I first got this working.
To follow the steps, you’ll need:
If you’ve not used Helm before, please read my previous post first.
Step 1 - Add the Repo
For this demo, we’ll use Bitnami’s WordPress Helm Chart. If you haven’t done so already, you’ll need to add the Bitnami repo with the following command:
helm repo add bitnami https://charts.bitnami.com/bitnami
Step 2 - Install the Helm Chart
Before you install the WordPress Chart, make sure the repo is up-to-date with the following command:
helm repo update
Then run the
helm install my-blog bitnami/wordpress
You can replace
my-blog with a name of your choice.
Now you should see confirmation that your WordPress release has been deployed:
You’ll also get instructions on how to interact with your new WordPress installation.
Step 3 - Access your WordPress site
To access your WordPress site, you’ll need to know the number of the port on which it’s served.
Run the following command to see the Kubernetes resources created by the Helm chart:
kubectl get all
There should be a LoadBalancer service called
service/my-blog-wordpress. In this case, it has a port number of
Then you’ll need your minikube IP address, which you can retrieve with the following command:
Make sure you’ve enabled ingress with the
minikube addons enable ingress command.
In my case, the full URL is http://192.168.64.27:30624. Paste the URL in your browser and you should see your WordPress site:
To create posts or configure your site, you’ll need to log in as an administrator.
If you’ve used WordPress before, you’ll know you need to append
/wp-admin to the URL. The username is
user, but you’ll need to extract the password from a Kubernetes secret. Fortunately, the instructions in your terminal include a command to copy and paste:
The command retrieves and decrypts the Kubernetes secret for you:
Now you have full access to your WordPress site.
In this tutorial, you’ve seen how Helm can help you install Kubernetes-based apps. Thanks to the Helm Chart, you had everything you needed to run WordPress locally: three Services, a Deployment, a ReplicaSet, and a StatefulSet.
Of course, it would be overkill to use Kubernetes for a simple WordPress site. If you wanted a local copy without installing everything, it would make more sense to use Docker Compose. However, hopefully this gave you a familiar example for understanding Helm.
To keep it simple, we just used all the default values. If you’re eager to start tinkering, take a look at the Chart page to see what you can configure. Otherwise, hold tight, and I’ll guide you through it in my next post.